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Oral gymnastics - Way to a harmonious dentition

Sakshi Khemka, Nilima Thosar, Sudhindra Baliga


The facial musculature has important roles in performing a variety of orofacial functions such as speech, mastication, and swallowing. Exercises associated with the function of the muscles of the face and lips can be called orofacial myofunctional exercises. One of the important elements of myofunctional therapy includes facial and tongue exercises in order to promote proper tongue position, improved breathing, chewing and swallowing. Orofacial muscle exercises are a part of interceptive orthodontic treatment, which if employed in early ages can help to reduce the severity of dental malocclusion. Furthermore, the management of deleterious oral habits can be carried out via these exercises. In addition, there can be an improvement in the muscle tone and speech of the patient that leads to a harmonious orofacial functioning. This therapy doesn’t just address the oral cavity but all the facial muscles; the head and neck. It facilitates nasal breathing, proper functional posturing, and chewing


Facial musculature; myofunctional exercises; oral gymnastics

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