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Variables and factors that may affect smile design: A mini review

Tan Ming Hoe, Jennifer Ting, Lu Siew Chui, Tan Mei Wen, Mohammed Jasim Al-Juboori


With evolution of dentistry in the field of esthetic dentistry, and the patient needs for more esthetic appearance and optimum smile, thorough studies have been done in the esthetic zone to address the factors that attribute in the smile design. This mini review article goes through the smile element from smile design, facial esthetic, dento-gingival esthetic, and lip length. This review found that some of these elements are directly related or relatively related or maybe not related to smile design.


Esthetic zone; lip length; smile design; smile line

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